What is Autism?
Autism is a severe developmental disorder that begins at birth or within the first two-and-a-half years of life. Most autistic children are perfectly normal in appearance, but spend their time engaged in puzzling and disturbing behaviors which are markedly different from those of typical children. Less severe cases may be diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) or with Asperger's Syndrome (these children typically have normal speech, but they have many "autistic" social and behavioral problems).
It used to be thought that autism is just a fate that you accept.The good news is that there are now a wide variety of treatment options which can be very helpful. Some treatments may lead to great improvement, and others may have little or no effect, but a good starting point would be the parent ratings of biomedical interventions, which presents the responses of over 25,000 parents in showing the effectiveness of various interventions on their own child.
ARI's Diagnostic Checklist, Form E-2, was developed by Dr. Bernard Rimland to diagnose children with Kanner's syndrome (which is also known as 'classical autism'). Many parents and professionals have also used the E-2 checklist to assist in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). You can print out, complete the checklist, and then mail it to ARI for scoring. Our staff will analyze the responses and send you a score along with an interpretation. The checklist is available in 17 different languages. There is no charge for this service.
How Common is it? For many years autism was rare - occurring in just five children per 10,000 live births. However, since the early 1990's, the rate of autism has increased exponentially around the world with figures as high as 60 per 10,000. Boys outnumber girls four to one. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 1 in 150 children is diagnosed with autism.
What is the Outlook? Age at intervention has a direct impact on outcome--typically, the earlier a child is treated, the better the prognosis will be. In recent years there has been a marked increase in the percentage of children who can attend school in a typical classroom and live semi-independently in community settings. However, the majority of autistic persons remain impaired in their ability to communicate and socialize.
- Free Conference Webcasts
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Why do I Seek Medical Treatment for My Child's Autism? Because it is a Medical Disorder
- Myths About Autism
- Overview of Autism
- Autism-Related Disorders in DSM-IV
- Temple Grandin's Frequently Asked Questions about Autism
- DSM-IV Criteria, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
- Former Law Professor Debunks Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy Myth
Behaviorial Signs of Autism
Physical Signs of Autism
- Autism: A Novel From of Mercury Poisoning
- Heavy Metal Exposures, Developmental Milestones, and Physical Symptoms in Children with Autism
- Toe Walking
- Treating Physical Symptoms
- My Child Was Just Diagnosed With Autism -- What Do I Do Tomorrow ?
- Talk About Curing Autism's Parent Mentor Program
- Recommended Reading List
- Advice for Parents of Young Autistic Children: Spring (2008)
- Diagnostic Checklist Form E-2 and Research Questionnaire Form E-3
- Screening for Autism
- An Inside View of Autism
- What I Would Do If I Were a Parent of An Autistic Child: Recommendations Based on 25 Years of Research Experience
- The parents at Talk About Curing Autism (also en Español) have developed strategies to encourage you to act quickly for your child's benefit - it's critical to find effective services, treatments and education for your child as soon as possible.